omxBrownie {OpenMx}R Documentation

Make Brownies in OpenMx


This function returns a brownie recipe.


omxBrownie(quantity=1, walnuts=TRUE)



Number of batches of brownies desired. Defaults to one.


Logical. Indicates whether walnuts are to be included in the brownies. Defaults to TRUE.


Returns a brownie recipe. Alter the 'quantity' variable to make more pans of brownies. Ingredients, equipment and procedure are listed, but neither ingredients nor equipment are provided.

We substitute flax for eggs because the choline in eggs is associated with prostate cancer (Richman et al, 2012). We substitute coconut butter for dairy butter because dairy butter contains a large proportion of saturated fat that raises deadly LDL cholesterol (Trumbo & Shimakawa, 2011). In contrast, coconut butter has so much fiber that the considerable saturated fat that it contains is mostly not absorbed (Padmakumaran, Rajamohan & Kurup, 1999). We substitute erythritol (den Hartog et al, 2010) for sugar (Lustig, Schmidt, & Brindis, 2012) to improve the glycemic index and calorie density. We substitute whole wheat flour for all-purpose wheat flour because whole grains are associated with improvement in blood pressure (Tighe et al, 2010).


Returns a brownie recipe.


Padmakumaran Nair KG, Rajamohan T, Kurup PA. (1999). Coconut kernel protein modifies the effect of coconut oil on serum lipids. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 53(2):133-44.

Tighe P, Duthie G, Vaughan N, Brittenden J, Simpson WG, Duthie S, Mutch W, Wahle K, Horgan G, Thies F. (2010). Effect of increased consumption of whole-grain foods on blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk markers in healthy middle-aged persons: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 92(4), 733-40.

R H Lustig, L A Schmidt, C D Brindis. (2012). Public health: The toxic truth about sugar. Nature. 482 27-29.

den Hartog GJ, Boots AW, Adam-Perrot A, Brouns F, Verkooijen IW, Weseler AR, Haenen GR, Bast A. (2010). Erythritol is a sweet antioxidant. Nutrition. 26(4), 449-58.

Trumbo PR, Shimakawa T. (2011). Tolerable upper intake levels for trans fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol. Nutr Rev. 69(5), 270-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2011.00389.x.

E. L. Richman, S. A. Kenfield, M. J. Stampfer, E. L. Giovannucci, S. H. Zeisel, W. C. Willett, J. M. Chan. (2012). Choline intake and risk of lethal prostate cancer: Incidence and survival. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 96(4), 855 - 863.

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See Also

More information about the OpenMx package may be found here.


# Return a brownie recipe

[Package OpenMx version 2.8.3 Index]