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# Copyright 2007-2015 The OpenMx Project
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require(OpenMx)
library(MASS)
#Definition Variable Test 3
#Author: Mike Neale
#Date: July 29 2009
#This script is used to test the definition variable functionality in OpenMx
#The definition variable in this example is dichotomous, and describes two different groups
#These two groups are measured on two variables, x and y
#The group with a definition value of 1 has means of 1 and 2 for x and y
#The group with a definition value of 0 has means af zero for x and y
#The definition variable is then used to define a mean deviation of the group with definition value 1
#make some data!
set.seed(200)
n = 500
Sigma <- matrix(c(1,.5,.5,1),2,2)
group1<-mvrnorm(n=n, c(1,2), Sigma)
group2<-mvrnorm(n=n, c(0,0), Sigma)
#put them both together, add a definition variable, and make an selection variables object
y<-rbind(group1,group2)
dimnames(y)[2]<-list(c("x","y"))
def<-rep(c(1,0),each=n)
selvars<-c("x","y")
if (0) {
#write data to a file for the mx script to read (not necessary for running in R)
write.table(cbind(y,def),file="temp-files/xydefmeans.rec",col.names=F,row.names=F)
}
# Three covariance model matrices:
# "cov" for the zero relationship group
# "def" for the definition variable,
# and "beta" for estimating difference between groups' covariances
# One common mean vector, "M"
#define the model, including a FIML objective function, which will optimize the matrix S
model<-mxModel("model", mxFitFunctionML(),mxExpectationNormal("Sigma", "Mu", selvars),
mxData((data.frame(y,def)), type="raw"),
mxMatrix("Symm", nrow=2, ncol=2, free=TRUE, values=c(1, 0, 1), name="Sigma"),
mxMatrix("Full", nrow=1, ncol=2, free=TRUE, values=c(0, 0),
dimnames=list(NULL, selvars), name="beta"),
mxMatrix("Full", nrow=1, ncol=2, free=FALSE, labels=c("data.def"),
dimnames=list(NULL, selvars), name="def"),
mxMatrix("Full", nrow=1, ncol=2, free=TRUE,
dimnames=list(NULL, selvars), name = "M"),
mxAlgebra(M+beta*def, name="Mu")
)
#run the model
run<-mxRun(model)
run$matrices
run$algebras
#Compare OpenMx estimates to summary statistics from raw data, remembering to knock off 1 and 2 from group 1's
# data, so as to estimate variance of combined sample without the mean correction.
# First we compute some summary statistics from the data
ObsCovs <- cov(rbind(group1 - rep(c(1,2), each=n), group2))
ObsMeansGroup1 <- c(mean(group1[,1]), mean(group1[,2]))
ObsMeansGroup2 <- c(mean(group2[,1]), mean(group2[,2]))
# Second we extract the parameter estimates and matrix algebra results from the model
Sigma<-run$matrices$Sigma$values
M<-run$matrices$M$values
beta<-run$matrices$beta$values
# Third, we check to see if things are more or less equal
omxCheckCloseEnough(ObsCovs,Sigma,.01)
omxCheckCloseEnough(ObsMeansGroup1,as.vector(M+beta),.001)
omxCheckCloseEnough(ObsMeansGroup2,as.vector(M),.001)