NPSOL returned a non-zero status code 1

4 replies [Last post]
brauer's picture
Joined: 01/28/2012

Hi all,

I ran a relatively simple path analytic model with four manifest variables, three causal paths, and one unanalyzed relationship. The model has 2 df. I used the code below but got the following error message:

"In model 'Apgar Model 2' NPSOL returned a non-zero status code 1. The final iterate satisfies the optimality conditions to the accuracy requested, but the sequence of iterates has not yet converged. NPSOL was terminated because no further improvement could be made in the merit function (Mx status GREEN). "

Any idea what the problem could be? Does it simply mean that the model didn't converge?

Thanks -- M

data_apgar <- read.spss("data_apgar.sav", = T)
manifests <- c ("apgar", "gestat", "smokes", "wgtgain")
apgar_model2 <- mxModel ("Apgar Model 2",
manifestVars = manifests,
mxPath(from="smokes", to="gestat", values=.1, label="b"),
mxPath(from="wgtgain", to="apgar", values=.1, label="e"),
mxPath(from="gestat", to="apgar", values=.1, label="f"),
mxPath(from="smokes", to="wgtgain", arrows=2, values=.5, label="a"),
mxPath(from=manifests, arrows=2, free=TRUE, values=1, labels=c("da","dg","vars","varw")),
mxCI(c("a", "b", "e", "f", "vars", "varw", "dg", "da")),
mxPath(from="one", to=manifests, arrows=1, free=TRUE, values=1),
mxData(data_apgar, type="raw")
apgar2out <- mxRun(apgar_model2, intervals=TRUE)

data_apgar.sav1.43 KB
tbates's picture
Joined: 07/31/2009
search green

search for green on this site: it is almost never a problem, but there are good explanations of what it reflects, and what it means are here....

brauer's picture
Joined: 01/28/2012
NPSOL returned a non-zero status code 1

I am not sure I understand your answer. What do you mean by "search for green on this site"? I did go through the entire forum "OpenMx Error Messages" before posting my question, but there was no thread to "status code 1".


Ryne's picture
Joined: 07/31/2009
As Tim said, there are

As Tim said, there are explanations around. In a recent thread, I discussed the meaning of optimality (first derivatives of the likelihood function are zero) and convergence (expected step size is zero). Status 1 means that the likelihood function is at what looks like a minimum, but the optimizer was expecting to take a step. This usually happens when the optimizer happens to hit the right answer a lot quicker than it expects to. You can always rerun with different starting values, but you should be pretty confident that everything ran fine.

brauer's picture
Joined: 01/28/2012
NPSOL returned a non-zero status code 1


thank you for your reply. I checked and you are right. I get the same estimates than with AMOS. The model seemed to have run fine.

One reason I thought there was a problem is that OpenMx didn't give me any fit indices. I looked at numerous threads on the OpenMx forums. Back in 2010, someone that it is necessary to explicitly compute these indices (maybe with a script similar to the one I posted below). Is this still the case? Will "sumary(mymodel)" not give me any fit indices?

Thanks, -- M

fit.index <- function(indepfit,modelfit) {

indep <- summary(indepfit)
indep.chi <- indep$Chi
indep.df <- indep$degreesOfFreedom

model <- summary(modelfit)
model.chi <- model$Chi
model.df <- model$degreesOfFreedom <- as.numeric(modelfit$objective@result)
N <- model$numObs # sample size
N.est.param <- model$estimatedParameters # t
N.manifest <- length(modelfit@manifestVars) # n
observed.cov <- modelfit@data@observed # S
estimate.cov <- modelfit@matrices$S@values[1:N.manifest,1:N.manifest] # C, W
observed.cor <- cov2cor(observed.cov)
estimate.cor <- cov2cor(estimate.cov)
residual.cov <- observed.cov-estimate.cov
residual.cor <- observed.cor-estimate.cor
F0 <- (model.chi-model.df)/N
if (F0<0) { F0 <- 0 }

NFI <- (indep.chi-model.chi)/indep.chi
NNFI <- (indep.chi-indep.df/model.df*model.chi)/(indep.chi-indep.df)
PNFI <- (model.df/indep.df)*NFI
IFI <- (indep.chi-model.chi)/(indep.chi-model.df)
CFI <- 1.0-(model.chi-model.df)/(indep.chi-indep.df)
RMSEA<- sqrt(F0/model.df) # need confidence intervals
MFI <- exp(-0.5*(model.chi-model.df)/N)
GFI <- sum(estimate.cov*estimate.cov)/sum(observed.cov*observed.cov) # definitely not right!
AGFI <- 1.0 - (1.0-GFI)/(1.0-N.est.param/N)
PGFI <- (1.0-N.est.param/N)*GFI
AIC <- model.chi-2*model.df
AIC2 <- model.chi+2*N.est.param
CAIC <- model.chi-(log(N)+1.0)*model.df
CAIC2<- model.chi+(log(N)+1.0)*N.est.param
BIC <- model.chi-log(N)*model.df
BIC2 <- model.chi+log(N)*N.est.param
RMR <- sqrt(2.0*sum((residual.cov*residual.cov)/(N.est.param*(N.est.param+1))))
SRMR <- sqrt(2.0*sum((residual.cor*residual.cor)/(N.est.param*(N.est.param+1)))) # not right!